Radon is a highly discrete inert gas that belongs to the class of noble gases. It naturally occurs in the atmosphere as well as in the water bodies in a very small and harmless fixation. Since radon is a naturally occurring gas, therefore, it is produced naturally and the most significant sources of radon include the disintegration of radioactive elements. It cannot be produced commercially or by artificial means. The reason for this is that in case of mitigation of the air the whole air in the atmosphere and the surroundings can be purified at once and the process does not need to be carried out simultaneously. However, in the case of radon mitigation of water, the complete water body cannot be cleaned all at once and equipment is set up that cleans the water prior to the use simultaneously.
The naturally existing amount of radon:
Basically, the existence is harmless, and one does not need to be concerned about it. However due to any imbalance or carelessness, if this amount increases abruptly and uncontrollably, one needs to take some action right away as the long-term exposure to radon is the leading cause of lung cancer. In the above-mentioned case, radon mitigation needs to be performed. Radon mitigation refers to the steps involved in decreasing the radon concentration in one’s surrounding and narrowing it down to the safe level.
concentration of radon
Now one may think what exactly is the safe concentration of radon? Well. despite several types of research and case studies the scientists and radioactive and nuclear researchers have still not agreed upon any exact concentration of radon that one does not need to worry about. However, most of them agree that if the concentration exceeds 4 picocuries per liter in the air and 4000 picocuries per liter in water than radon mitigation needs to be performed urgently.The safe levels of radon concentration for air and water are different. The reason for this difference is that 1 picocurie per liter of radon in air is equivalent to 1000 picocurie per liter of radon in water. Following this convention, the above-discussed measurements and values have been agreed upon.
Before moving on to the process of radon mitigation itself it is necessary to perform the radon detection tests. If the test results come back positive then you may proceed towards the mitigation process itself. Experts state that if the result of the detection test comes back positive than the test should be repeated at least once to confirm the presence of radon. There are many options available when it comes to radon mitigation. An important thing to mention in this regard is that radon mitigation in the air is far easier than radon mitigation in water.
Once you have performed the mitigation process the radon detection tests need to be repeated. The results of the tests performed prior to the mitigation and of those performed after the mitigation are compared. This helps to analyze the success rate of the mitigation process and shows whether there is a decrease in the radon concentration.